What is marijuana?
How safe is it consume Marijuana? Marijuana is one of the most abused drugs in the world. Marijuana refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plants.
The plant contains the mind-altering chemical THC and other similar compounds. Extracts can also be made from the cannabis plant.
It’s a popular drug used by millions of people either for pleasure or to treat chronic health conditions. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States.
Hashish is a tan, brown or black resin that is dried and pressed into bars, sticks or balls. When smoked, both marijuana and hashish give off a distinctive, sweet odor.
There are over 400 chemicals in marijuana and hashish. The chemical that causes intoxication or the “high” in users is called THC (short for tetrahydrocannabinol).
THC creates the mind-altering effects that classify marijuana as a “drug.” THC is the protective mechanism of the marijuana plant.
As for the medical uses of marijuana, it contains another chemical called CBD (short for cannabidiol). This is the substance most often associated with creating medical benefits.
Marijuana usually called weed can be used in a number of ways, but some of the most popular methods include smoking and vaping.
A very common myth surrounding Marijuana is that because marijuana is a plant, it’s “natural” and so it’s harmless. But it’s not. Hemlock, a poisonous plant, is also “natural,” but it can kill.
Therefore Marijuana is a drug like alcohol, cocaine, or ecstasy. And like these other drugs, it has side effects that CAN BE harmful. Then How safe is it consume Marijuana?
How safe is it to consume Marijuana?
# Marijuana was used as medicine in ancient China and India and was introduced to Western medicine in the early 19th century. But How safe is it consume Marijuana?
# Edible applications, such as tinctures, were prescribed to treat various conditions, from chronic pain to digestive disorders.
# People smoke marijuana in hand-rolled cigarettes (joints) or in pipes or water pipes (bongs).
# Marijuana can also be smoked in a blunt, which is a cigar that has been hollowed out to replace the tobacco with marijuana or a mixture of tobacco and marijuana.
# And, of course, one of the oldest methods of smoking marijuana, as well as hash, tobacco, and other substances are with a hookah.
# Some people are using vaporizers, to avoid inhaling smoke.
# Consuming marijuana is by vaporization. Vaporizers heat the marijuana to a point just below the point of combustion. The active ingredients can be inhaled as a vapor, rather than as more harmful smoke.
# Some vaporizers use a liquid marijuana extract.
# Dabbing method of using marijuana is somewhat similar to vaping, but it uses THC resins extracted from the marijuana plant. It may be in oil form (hash oil or honey oil), a soft solid form with a texture like lip balm (wax or budder), or a hard amber-colored solid (shatter).
# People can mix marijuana in food (edibles), such as brownies, cookies, or candy, or brew it as a tea.
# Oils extracted from marijuana plants can be used in cooking, baking, or simply mixing with food to create a variety of products that can be ingested orally or taken in capsule form (known as cannabis caps or weed pills).
# Few states where recreational marijuana is legal are selling cakes, cookies, ice cream, gummy bears, lollipops, cereal, granola bars, and even chewing gum containing marijuana.
# Marijuana oil can also be added to common beverages. It is sold in teas, sodas, and even beer. Using marijuana leaves to make tea has been done for many years. Today, however, the tea is much more potent.
# Another relatively new method of using marijuana involves infusing liquids with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or cannabinol (CBD) to make sprays that users can spray under the tongue.
This method is typically used by medical marijuana users who want to avoid the harmful effects of smoke.
# Topical oils are extracts from the marijuana plant that is thicker than the oils used in edible products.
# The oils are placed on the skin and are absorbed to relieve muscle pain and soreness. Marijuana topicals are usually used for medicinal purposes only as they do not produce a high.
How people eat marijuana?
How safe is it consume Marijuana?
# Marijuana-infused foods and drinks have been consumed throughout history, as far back as 1000 B.C.
# Beverage made from a mixture of the leaves and flowers of marijuana plants has been consumed for centuries during religious festivals, such as Holi, a Hindu festival of love and color.
# In the United States, recreational use of edible marijuana products became popular during the 1960s, and today, many different types of edibles are available, both legally and illegally, as per state laws.
# Like gummies, candies, chocolates, capsules, teas, and oils are some of the edible marijuana products sold in both legal marijuana dispensaries and through the illegal marijuana market.
# Peoples make their own weed products by infusing butter or oil with marijuana and mixing it into baked goods and other recipes.
# Though you can eat raw weed, it won’t have the same effect as consuming marijuana-based products, as marijuana has to go through a process known as decarboxylation to become activated
# Raw marijuana contains tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), compounds that must be exposed to heat, such as in smoking or baking, to turn into the active forms, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol(CBD).
# Therefore, eating raw weed will not result in the same effects as consuming weed that has been heated, as in edible products like candies, tinctures, and baked goods.
# Though you can’t get high from eating raw weed, some health experts believe that eating it may offer some health benefits due to the wide array of plant compounds it contains.
What are the beneficial effects of Marijuana on health?
How safe is it consume Marijuana?
# Marijuana has many medicinal benefits and has been used to treat various ailments throughout histories such as cancer and chronic pain.
# The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved THC-based medications, dronabinol (Marinol®) and nabilone (Cesamet®), prescribed in pill form for the treatment of nausea in patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy and to stimulate appetite in patients with wasting syndrome due to AIDS.
# Marijuana-based medications like Nabiximols (Sativex®), a mouth spray that is currently available in the United Kingdom, Canada, and several European countries for treating the spasticity and neuropathic pain that may accompany multiple sclerosis, combines THC with another chemical found in marijuana called cannabidiol (CBD).
# Edible marijuana products are often used to treat conditions, such as chronic pain, cancer-related symptoms, and anxiety.
# Also edible marijuana products, such as oils, tinctures, pills, and gummies, are prescribed to treat poor appetite, pain, and weight loss in people who have cancer.
# Additionally, these products may significantly reduce pain and muscle spasms, relieve nausea and vomiting, enhance sleep quality, and improve depression and anxiety.
What are the adverse effects of Marijuana on health?
How safe is it consume Marijuana?
# People who have taken large doses of marijuana may experience an acute psychosis, which includes hallucinations, delusions, and a loss of the sense of personal identity.
# As per the research study Cannabis use is likely to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia and other psychoses – the higher the use, the greater the risk.
# It is because, THC may interfere with the brain’s anti-inflammatory mechanisms, resulting in damage to nerve cells and blood vessels.
# The toxins and tar found in marijuana smoke could affect vulnerable people, such as children or people with asthma.
# Marijuana smoke irritates the lungs, and people who smoke marijuana frequently can have the same breathing problems as those who smoke tobacco – more frequent lung illness, and a higher risk of lung infections.
# Marijuana raises the heart rate for up to 3 hours after smoking. This effect may increase the chance of heart attack.
# If a pregnant woman uses marijuana, the drug may affect certain developing parts of the fetus’s brain.
# Eating or drinking marijuana delivers significantly less THC into the bloodstream than smoking an equivalent amount of the plant.
# Because if marijuana is consumed in foods or beverages, these effects are somewhat delayed usually appearing after 30 minutes to 1 hour, as the drug must first pass through the digestive system.
# Although detectable amounts of THC may remain in the body for days or even weeks after use, the noticeable effects of smoked marijuana generally last from 1 to 3 hours, and those of marijuana consumed in food or drink may last for many hours.
# Regular, long-term marijuana use can lead to some people to develop Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome. This causes users to experience regular cycles of severe nausea, vomiting, and dehydration.
No medications are currently available to treat marijuana use disorder, but behavioral support can be effective.