World Hypertension Day 2018

Every year, 17th May is dedicated to World Hypertension Day (WHD). The day is organized by the World Hypertension League (WHL) an organization composed of 85 hypertension societies and leagues from all over the world.

 THE NO. 1

contributing risk factor for global death is raised blood pressure – causing strokes, heart attacks, and other cardiovascular complications


lives are lost each year needlessly due to raised blood pressure


of people with high blood pressure, know it


Control this silent killer, the modern epidemic,

these deaths are HEALABLE…

World Hypertension Day

World Hypertension Day

World Hypertension Day is celebrated annually on the 17th May, in order to raise awareness and promote hypertension prevention, detection, and control. High blood pressure is the main risk factor to develop cardiovascular disease.

The theme for World Hypertension Day is ‘Know Your Numbers’ with a goal of increasing high blood pressure (BP) awareness in all populations around the world.

It was first celebrated on 14th of May in the year 2005 organized by the World Hypertension League (WHL). “Know your numbers” is the theme for this year. Its purpose is to raise awareness worldwide about the importance of knowing what is your blood pressure measurement.

May Measurement Month (MMM) is a global awareness campaign led by the International Society of Hypertension (ISH), which represents the world’s leading scientists, clinicians, health care providers and allied health care workers, all with a common interest in hypertension (high blood pressure) research.

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is a condition called high blood pressure during which the arterial blood pressure raises to the high level from the normal level (120/80 mmHg). Hypertension is a type of Condition by which people are silently killed without any proper reason, however severe hypertension show some symptoms of headaches, sleepiness, palpitation, blurred vision, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, ringing sensation in the ears, breathing difficulty, irregular heartbeat which may lead to even coma.

Hypertension is a major cause of a range of health problems such as strokes, heart attacks, and kidney disease, and can also contribute to dementia. Many people who suffer from hypertension are not aware that they have it as there can be no symptoms, often people only find out after suffering a heart attack or stroke.

Classification and Cause of Hypertension

# It is divided in two types – primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension on the basis of its causing factors.

# The primary hypertension is a more common type and is easy to get prevented from it however its causes are unknown.

# Whereas, the secondary hypertension is a severe condition which can be managed and cured if treated well. The causes of secondary hypertension are kidney damage, adrenal gland over-activity, sleep apnea syndrome, tumors, recreational drugs, thyroid gland dysfunctioning, aortic coarctation, pregnancy-related conditions, over or wrong medications, alcoholic drinks, bad food and etc.

# Hypertension is a disease which is inherited from the Child to the Parents who are having many types of Habits like Smoking, Drinking Excess Alcohol, Oral Contraceptive Pills usage, Obesity, Lack of Exercises etc.

Complications and Preventions from Hypertension

Its complications are atherosclerosis means narrowing of arteries, brain hemorrhage means the blood clot in the brain (stroke), heart attack, aneurysm, kidney failure, heart failure, eye damage and etc.

It is easy to get prevented from primary hypertension however secondary hypertension is the severe condition which can be managed and cured if treated well.

It needs to change some lifestyles and following healthy living habits (avoid smoking and alcohol, low sodium intake of 1.5 to 2.5 g, low-fat and high-fiber diet, fruits and green vegetables, proper physical exercise, aerobics, healthy weight, regular pulse and BP check, reduce stress, low bad cholesterol level, healthy family history and etc) to well treat the condition.

Why is World Hypertension Day celebrated?

As per statistics, it is found that around 3 of the ten people are suffering from the Hypertension. Almost 1.8 Billion people are suffering from the Hypertension and 50% of them are totally unaware of their condition and some of them who are aware of their condition do not take any medical action for their blood pressure.

# World Hypertension Day is used to celebrate to spread the knowledge about maintaining the Normal Blood Pressure for lots of people.

# It is used to celebrate to give the people message to maintain their Physical Health by maintaining Normal Blood Pressure, Living Healthy, Eating Healthy Food, Normal Weight, Exercise of the Physics etc. to make the people aware of the preventive measures, Control as well as Early detection of the Arteries in many of the populations.

# People in the World Hypertension Day is used to get motivated for the check-ups of the High Blood pressure once in a year.

# To encourage people to leave their bad habits like drinking alcohol, lazy routine, oily and fatty diet, fried and spicy diet, smoking, obese, overweight and etc.

# To bring a revolution among the common public for maintaining the healthy lifestyle and healthy habits for whole life.

# Also to promote early detection, prevention, and control of arterial hypertension in the vulnerable populations.

How is World Hypertension Day celebrated?

# World Hypertension Day is celebrated every year on 17th of May since 2005 to raise the common public awareness about hypertension through the variety of activities and events.

# Health professionals and medical professionals from the government and non-government organizations participate in the campaign celebration and support in organizing lots of events for easily understanding of the public.

# Some of the activities which are getting organized on annual celebration of the campaign are public forum, debates on the subjects of high blood pressure, brisk walk or run activities, health screening, free blood pressure checkup camp, banners and poster distribution in the schools, colleges and other educational institutions, messages distribution through the TV and radio channels and lots of other activities.

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